Basque Country: Secrets of culture and unique traditions

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The Basque Country is an autonomous region in northern Spain, located on the coast of the Bay of Biscay. It is known for its unique culture and traditions that have been preserved for centuries.

History and geography

The Basque Country is a region with a rich history dating back to prehistoric times. In ancient times, tribes lived here who spoke a language related to Basque. In the Middle Ages, the Basque Country was an independent state, but in the 16th century it was conquered by Spain.

Geographically, the Basque Country is a mountainous region with picturesque landscapes. There are high mountains, deep valleys and picturesque rivers here.


The population of the Basque Country is about 2 million people. Most of the inhabitants are Basques who speak their own language, Basque. The Basque language is one of the most ancient languages in Europe and is still used in everyday life.


The culture of the Basque Country is unique and distinctive. It combines elements of European, Celtic and Arabic cultures.

One of the most famous features of Basque culture is its music. Basque music is distinguished by its rhythm and melody. It is often performed on traditional Basque instruments such as the clarinet and accordion.

Another important feature of Basque culture is its dance. Basque dances are characterized by their energy and expressiveness. They are often performed at traditional Basque festivals.


The Basque Country is famous for its unique traditions. Here are some of them:

Zapatada is a traditional Basque dance in which participants dance in heavy wooden shoes.

Pelota is the most popular Basque sport. It involves two or four players using rackets to hit the ball. The game can be played outdoors or indoors, and it comes in several different varieties.

Elkerry is a traditional Basque sport in which two players try to kick a ball into the opponent’s goal. The game is similar to football, but it has its own unique rules.


The Basque Country is a popular tourist destination. There are many attractions here that are worth visiting, including:

The city of Bilbao is the cultural center of the Basque Country. It is home to the world famous Guggenheim Museum, as well as many other museums, galleries and theaters.

The city of San Sebastian is one of the most beautiful cities in Spain. It is known for its beautiful promenade, beaches and nightlife.

The city of Guernica is a city that was destroyed during a bombing in 1937. Today there is a museum dedicated to this tragedy.


The Basque Country is a region rich in history, culture and tradition. This is a place worth visiting to learn more about this unique corner of Europe.

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